GPON (Gigabit Passive Optical Networks) is a technology that uses fiber optic cables to transfer data in computer networks. This technology is used to build networks that deliver Gigabit Ethernet network services. GPON uses passive components, instead of active devices like network switches and boosters, to lower installation and running cost of a network, whilst providing seemingly unlimited bandwidth to support triple-play services.
An Optical Line Terminal (OLT) and Optical Network Terminals or Units (ONTs/ONUs) form the backbone of a GPON Network. The OLT connects to the core network switch for data, IP PBX for voice, and the head-end for video. It then sends these services through optical fiber cables and passive optical splitters to the ONTs/ONUs, which deliver triple-play services to the end user.
GPON technology was developed for Internet Service Providers (ISPs) to provide faster and more reliable data connectivity to homes. It is a key driver for the Fiber-to-the-Home, or FTTH, movement of internet connectivity in cities worldwide. At Niurix, we have adapted this technology to meet the requirements of campus networks, student dormitories, assisted-living homes and hotels in the hopes of ushering in a Fiber-to-the-Room (FTTR) movement in such environments.